There are different views about whether the construction of highway will “agglomerate” or “disperse” the local economic factors. Based on NEG framework, we collect city-level highway mileage data and micro-enterprise data from Chinese industrial enterprises dataset during 1998–2007, and then use DK error regression panel model to empirically study the relationship between the highway development and manufacturing agglomeration from city level and industrial level. The result shows that with the increase of highway mileage density, the overall industry will first “agglomerate” and then “disperse”, presenting the “inverted U-shaped” distribution, and the effect of the east, middle and west regions is different. In terms of industry, the development of highway has a significantly promoting effect on the agglomeration of mineral processing industry, heavy chemical industry and technology-intensive industries in the eastern region and labor-intensive and resource-intensive industries in the central and western regions.
YE Wei,LIN Shan-lang.Did the Highway Development Promote the Regional Manufacturing Agglomeration?——An Empirical Study Based on China’s Highway Network and Micro-enterprise Data from Manufacturing Industry[J] Economic Survey, 2017,V34(4): 8-12