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    经济经纬 2017 Issue (4) :43-48
    三农经济 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
    农村劳动力转移的农产品产量和价格效应
    曹冰雪1,2,杨晓维2,何昉3
    1.中国人民大学 农业与农村发展学院, 北京 100872;
2.北京师范大学 经济与工商
管理学院, 北京 100875; 3.中国核科技信息与经济研究院,北京 100048
    The Agricultural Production and Price Effects of the Rural Labor Force Transfer
    CAO Bing-xue1,2, YANG Xiao-wei2, HE Fang3
    1. School of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China;
2. Business School, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
3.China Institute of Nuclear Information & Economics,Beijing 100048, China
摘要
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摘要 在胡景北(2008)理论模型基础上,通过区分绝对和相对剩余劳动力,构建了城镇化、农村劳动力转移和农产品价格关系的数理分析框架,证明了给定农业生产技术及农产品需求刚性,绝对剩余劳动力向城镇的转移并不会影响农产品产量和价格,而当农村只剩相对剩余劳动力时,则务农人口继续向城镇转移将减少农产品供给并导致农产品价格上涨。以总农产品、劳动密集型农产品对上述关系进行的经验检验验证了以上结论。
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曹冰雪
杨晓维
何昉
关键词城镇化   农村劳动力转移   农产品价格   劳动密集型农产品     
Abstract: This paper analyzes the effect of rural labor transfer on the price of agricultural products in China. Based on Hu Jingbei’s (2008) model, by distinguishing “absolute” and “relative” surplus labor force, we construct a mathematical model of the relationship among urbanization, transfer of rural labor and prices of agricultural products. The model demonstrates that given agricultural technology and rigid demand of agricultural products, the transfer of “absolute surplus labor force” to cities doesn’t affect the agricultural production and prices while the continued transfer of “relative surplus labor force” leads to the decrease of agricultural supply and increase of agricultural prices. The tests made by overall agricultural production and labor-intensive agricultural products verify the above conclusion.
KeywordsUrbanization   Transfer of Rural Labor Force   Agricultural Prices   Labor-intensive Agricultural Products     
收稿日期 2017-07-21; 接受日期 2017-07-21;
基金资助:国家社会科学基金项目(13BJL023)
作者简介: 曹冰雪(1990— ),女,陕西榆林人,博士研究生,主要从事农业经济研究;杨晓维(1955— ),男,四川成都人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事理论经济研究;何昉(1986— ),男,海南文昌人,博士,主要从事国防经济研究。
引用本文:   
曹冰雪,杨晓维,何昉.农村劳动力转移的农产品产量和价格效应[J].  经济经纬, 2017,4: 43-48
CAO Bing-xue, YANG Xiao-wei, HE Fang.The Agricultural Production and Price Effects of the Rural Labor Force Transfer[J]  Economic Survey, 2017,V34(4): 43-48
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