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    经济经纬 2017 Issue (4) :13-18
    区域经济 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
    政府竞争如何影响地区经济增长?
    张辽
    杭州电子科技大学 经济学院,浙江 杭州 310018
    How does Government Competition Affect Regional Economic Growth?
    ZHANG Liao
    College of Economics, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou 310018, China
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摘要 重构了政府竞争影响地区经济增长的逻辑框架,基于配套环境、政策优惠和制度优化构成了地方政府竞争的制度安排,进而从制度变迁的视角将政府竞争内生化于经济增长,并利用我国1998-2012年我国30个省区的面板数据,实证检验了政府竞争对地区经济增长的实际效应。研究发现 政府竞争对地区经济增长具有一定的促进作用,但不同的政府竞争形式却存在十分明显的差异,如全国样本下地区配套环境改善与该地区经济增长之间并不存在显著的相关性,而政策优惠竞争和制度优化竞争与经济增长之间呈现显著性正相关,影响系数分别为0.178%、0.244%。此外,制度优化竞争的经济增长效应在东部地区非常显著,而对于经济发展水平欠发达的中西部省份,配套环境竞争的作用则更为突出。
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张辽
关键词政府竞争   配套环境   政策优惠   制度优化     
Abstract: This paper reconstructs the logical framework of the regional economic growth under the influence of government competition: the institutional arrangement of the local government competition is based on the supporting environment, the preferential policies and the system optimization, and then from the perspective of institutional changes the government competition is internalized into economic growth. The panel data of 30 provinces and regions in China during 1998—2012 are used to test the actual effect of government competition on regional economic growth. It is found that government competition has a certain effect on the regional economic growth, but there are significant differences in the forms of government competition. For example, there is no significant correlation between the improvement of the supporting environment and the economic growth in the same region under the national sample, but there is a significant positive correlation between competition under preferential policy and system optimization and economic growth. The influence coefficients are 0.178% and 0.244% respectively. In addition, the economic growth effect of the system optimization competition is very significant in the eastern region, and the role of supporting environmental competition is more prominent in the less-developed central and western provinces.
KeywordsGovernment Competition   Supporting Environment   Preferential Policy   System Optimization     
收稿日期 2017-07-21; 接受日期 2017-07-21;
基金资助:教育部人文社会科学研究青年项目(14YJC790168);杭州市哲学社会科学规划课题(Z17JC087);浙江省经济社会与信息化研究中心科研项目
作者简介: 张辽(1984— )男,汉族,河南光山人,博士,副教授,主要从事两化融合与制造业转型升级研究。
引用本文:   
张辽.政府竞争如何影响地区经济增长?[J].  经济经纬, 2017,4: 13-18
ZHANG Liao.How does Government Competition Affect Regional Economic Growth?[J]  Economic Survey, 2017,V34(4): 13-18
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http://www.jjjw.org/CN/     或     http://www.jjjw.org/CN/Y2017/V34/I4/13
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