The Influencing Factors and Spatial Spillover Effect of Urban Land Use Efficiency in China
CHEN Zhen-ling1, LI Jinkai2, LI Jing3
1.College of Economics, Henan University of Economics and Law/Collaborative Innovation Center of Urban-Rural Coordinated Development,Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou 450046, China; 2.Research Institute,Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou 450046, China; 3.School of Economics,Fudan University,Shanghai 200433,China
This paper is to explore the influencing factors and the spatial spillover effects of the urban land use efficiency of 31 provinces in China during 2000—2012. Spatial autocorrelation test and spatial Dubin model are used to study the influence factors of urban land use efficiency,in which we explore the spatial and temporal characteristics and dynamic mechanism of urban land use efficiency. The results show that: First, Chinese provincial urban land use efficiency has significant spatial autocorrelation, and spatial agglomeration phenomena mainly concentrate in Middle and East regions. Second, per capita GDP, urban employment and industrial structure optimization are positively related to urban land use efficiency and have significant spatial spillover effects. Third, the expansion of urban investment has not improved the land use efficiency. Fourth, the proportion of state-owned economy does not significantly influence the urban land use efficiency. The conclusion is drawn that to improve urban land use efficiency, China must vigorously develop economy, optimize the industrial structure, improve element flowing mechanism and control the urban investment scale properly. At the same time, an effective communication and cooperation mechanism among regions should be established.