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    经济经纬 2017 Issue (4) :99-104
    产业经济 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
    产业补贴配置方式对企业全要素生产率提升效应研究——基于装备制造业上市公司数据的实证分析
    李春临,许薛璐,刘航
    西安交通大学 经济与金融学院,陕西 西安 710061
    Research on the Promoting Effect of Allocation Mode of Industrial Subsidies on the Total Factor Productivity of Enterprises——An Empirical Analysis Based on Listed Companies in Equipment Manufacturing Industry
    LI Chun-lin, XU Xue-lu, LIU Hang
    School of Economics and Finance, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710061, China
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摘要 政府补贴是实施产业政策的重要手段之一,但对资源配置的扭曲效应也日益凸显。相对于选择性补贴,竞争性补贴对市场秩序的负面作用较小,更有助于促进企业创新、提升全要素生产率。利用673家装备制造业上市公司非平衡面板数据,实证检验了竞争性补贴与企业全要素生产率的关系。结果显示政府补贴在行业内的集中度越低,越有利于全要素生产率的提升,即竞争性补贴对全要素生产率有显著促进作用。其中,技术进步效率(TC)和规模改善效率(SEC)更容易得到竞争性补贴的正向贡献,而其对技术改善效率(TEC)为抑制作用。为推动供给侧改革和产业转型升级,我国应进一步深化产业政策实施手段的创新,注重竞争性普惠式的财税支持,减少政府对资源配置机制的过度干预。
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李春临
许薛璐
刘航
关键词竞争性补贴   选择性补贴   全要素生产率   装备制造业   非平衡面板数据     
Abstract: Government subsidy is one of the important means of the industrial policy, but the distortion effect on the allocation of resources is also growing. Compared with the selective subsidy, competitive subsidy has less negative effect on market order, and is more conducive to promoting enterprise innovation as well as improving the total factor productivity. This article uses the unbalanced panel data of 673 listed companies in equipment manufacturing industry and empirically tests the relationship between competitive subsidy and enterprises’ total factor productivity. The results show that the lower concentration degree of government subsidy in the industry, the more benefit to the raise of TFP, which means competitive subsidy can significantly promote the total factor productivity. In terms of the decomposed indexes of TFP, the technical change (TC) and the efficiency of scale change (SEC) are more likely to get positive contribution from competitive subsidies, while the efficiency of technical change (TEC) would get negative effect from them. In order to promote the reform of the supply side and industrial transformation and upgrading, China should further deepen the innovation of the industrial policy and take competitive and beneficial fiscal support to reduce the governmental excessive intervention on resource allocation mechanism.
KeywordsCompetitive Subsidy   Selective Subsidy   TFP   Equipment Manufacturing Industry   Unbalanced Panel Data     
收稿日期 2017-07-21; 接受日期 2017-07-21;
基金资助:国家自然科学基金青年项目(71503198);中国博士后科学基金面上项目(2016M590932)
作者简介: 李春临(1968— ),男,陕西西安人,博士研究生,主要从事产业经济政策研究;许薛璐(1990— ),女,陕西西安人,博士研究生,主要从事产业技术发展研究;刘 航(1987— ),男,山东鄄城人,讲师,博士(后),主要从事企业创新与产业效率研究。
引用本文:   
李春临,许薛璐,刘航.产业补贴配置方式对企业全要素生产率提升效应研究——基于装备制造业上市公司数据的实证分析[J].  经济经纬, 2017,4: 99-104
LI Chun-lin, XU Xue-lu, LIU Hang.Research on the Promoting Effect of Allocation Mode of Industrial Subsidies on the Total Factor Productivity of Enterprises——An Empirical Analysis Based on Listed Companies in Equipment Manufacturing Industry[J]  Economic Survey, 2017,V34(4): 99-104
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